Spas and swimming pools come in various sizes or shapes, and the majority of them require some electrical equipment to maintain power lights, water quality, and run pumps. These electrical installations should be done according to your electrical code’s requirements and installed by a licensed electrician. Here are some of the swimming pool and Spa electrical wiring requirements.
Overhead electrical lines
A spa and swimming pool must have the following requirements when it comes to overhead electrical lines. The electrical or utility lines that run over the spa or pool must be at least 22.5 feet above the base or water level of a diving platform. Communications cable should also be at least 10 feet above the diving platform or water level. The rules or requirements here define water level as the highest point water can reach before spilling out of the pool or spa. Professionals recommend the installation of a spa and pool away from any electrical lines. You should also install Electrical lines away from the swimming pool since the long metal handles nets you lift while cleaning the pool may contact the overhead lines.
Underground wiring is not allowed under a spa or pool and cannot be run any closer than 5 feet from a spa or pool’s sidewall. However, there are some exceptions when the wiring attaches to the spa or pool to serve lighting or equipment. When there is inadequate space in the area to install a 5-foot separation, wiring can be closer than 5 feet if it’s installed in a complete conduit system. The rigid metal raceway is supposed to have at least 6 inches of cover. The non-metallic raceway should have at least 4 inches of concrete and 6 inches of cover.
A maintenance disconnect is used to shut down the power to the pool pumps, other utilization equipment, and filters. The disconnect must be installed within the spa or pool site and cannot be any closer than 5 feet from the spa or pool. This ensures that you cannot turn the power on and off while coming out or leaning out of the pool water. Public spas must have an emergency disconnect that is at least 5 feet away from the spa and visible.
Electrical outlet receptacles
The rules and requirements of electrical outlets aim at preventing the possibility of electrical shock. The receptacles for motors and pumps must be located at approximately 6 to 10 feet from the pool walls and must be GFCI- locked and protected. On in-ground pools must be at least one GFCI protected and located about 6 to 20 feet from the pool’s edge. Outlet receptacles cannot be any closer than 20 feet from the in-ground spa or pool if they are not GFCI protected. If it’s GFCI protected, they cannot be any closer than 6 feet.
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The information contained in this guide is general in nature.
Although every effort has been made to write this guide in an easy to understand format the accuracy of the information contained in this website is general in nature and may not take affect your individual home maintenance situation.
You should consult your local Government Agency and/or Safety Regulator before you are undertaking any work on your home. Plumbing, Gas & Electrical regulations may differ from State to State or Territory in Australia.
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